Understanding the Diversity of Structured Human Interaction Diversity:A core problem in understanding institutions is there an underlying set of universal building blocks? Holons:Nested part-whole units of analysis Action arenas as focal units of analysis zooming out to an overview of the IAD framework View Action arenas as dependent variables Institutional frameworks,theories,and models the limited frame of this book


Zooming In and Linking Action Situation

An action situation as a focal unit of analysis Example of a simple action situation The basic working parts of action situation Linking action arenas predicting outcomes evaluating outcomes

THREE Studying action sitution in the lab

The trust game in the experimental laboratory A comomns dilemma in the experimental laboratory Structural changes in the laboratory Replications and extensions of commons dilemma Experiments


Animating Institutional Analysis

Animating open,competitive processes The challenge of imperfect information Assumptions Used in Animating participants Variety and complexity:an asset or a liability? A focus on collective action to overcome social dilemmas Norms fostering collective action Emergence and survival of norms in evoluntionary processes conclusion



A grammar of institutions ,Sue Crawford and Elinor Ostrom

Parsing institutional statements The syntax of a grammar of institutional statements The syntax components Applying the grammar Using the grammar in the empirical field research some next steps


Why Classify Generic Rules?

Solving babbling equilibrium problems The policy analyst s need to understand how to Reform situation Moving beyond slogan words to describe institutions Coping with the immense diversity by identifying Generic rules The role of rules as information transformation Mechanisms An underlying universality?


Classifying rules,Elinor Ostrom and Sue Crawford The horizontal approch: classifying by the AIM of a rule Position rules Boundary rules Choice rules Aggregtion rules information rules Payoff rules Scope rules Default conditions:What happens if No rules exist related to components of an action situation? The vertical approach:operational,collective-choice, and constitutional-choice levels of analysis Using rules as tools to change outcomes

PART III: WORKING WITH RULES Eight Using Rules as Tools to Cope with Commons Field Research on common-pool Resources What rules are found in self-organized common-pool resource regimes? Contemporary approaches to resources policy Coping with complexity: A generl problem Changing rules as an adaptive process Theoretical Puzzles Summing up


Robust Resource governance in Polycentric Instituitions Design principles and robust social-ecological system Threats to robust governance of cammon-pool resources Modest coping methods for dealing with threats to Sustainability The advantage and limits of polycentric systems in coping with design nd long-term sustainability of systems The capabilities of polycentric systems in coping with Tragedies of the commons Conclusion





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